Grazing incidence optics for wide-field x-ray survey imaging: A comparison of optimization techniques

Peter W.A. Roming, David Nelson Burrows, Gordon P. Garmire, Jared R. Shoemaker, William B. Roush

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Discussions of optimizing wide-field x-ray optics, with field-of-views less-than 1.1 degree-squared, have been made previously in the literature. However, very little has been published about the optimization of wide-field x-ray optics with larger field-of-views, which technology could greatly enhance x-ray surveys. We have been working on the design of a wide-field (3.1 degree-squared field-of-view), short focal length (190.5 cm), grazing incidence mirror shell set, with a desired rms image spot size of 15 arcsec. The baseline design consists of Wolter I type mirror shells with polynomial perturbations applied to the baseline design. The overall optimization technique is to efficiently optimize the polynomial coefficients that directly influence the angular resolution, without stepping through the entire multi-dimensional coefficient space. We have investigated optimization techniques such as the downhill simplex method, fractional factorial, and response surface (including Box-Behnken and central composite) designs. We have also investigated the use of neural networks, such as backpropagation, general regression (GRNN), and group method of data handing (GMDH) neural networks. We report our findings to date.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-369
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000
EventX-Ray Optics, Instruments, and Missions III - Munich, Ger
Duration: Mar 27 2000Mar 29 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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