Ground-level ozone in eastern Canada: Seasonal variations, trends, and occurrences of high concentrations

J. D. Fuentes, T. F. Dann

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27 Scopus citations


Over the past few years, concern has increased in Canada over the health and environmental impacts of elevated concentrations of ground-level ozone. During the summer the most populated regions of Canada frequently record ozone concentrations that exceed the one-hour average maximum acceptable air quality objective of 82 parts per billion (ppb). In 1988 the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment agreed to develop a federal/provincial management plan to control nitrogen oxide and volatile organic compound emissions to reduce ozone concentrations in all affected regions of the country. In addition to the proposed interim control measures, the plan recommended that studies be undertaken to acquire the information necessary to develop sound control strategies. This report represents one of those studies and provides a summary of ground-level ozone measurements for eastern Canada for the 1980 to 1991 period with an emphasis on seasonal variations, trends, and occurrences of high concentrations. Southwestern Ontario experiences the highest maximum hourly ozone concentrations and the greatest frequency of hours greater than the 82 ppb acceptable objective. Urban sites have the highest frequencies of ozone concentration measurements in the < 10 ppb range, while rural and remote sites show peaks in frequency distribution in the 20 to 30 ppb range. Trend analysis of summertime (May to September) average daily maximum ozone concentration showed no consistent pattern for eastern Canadian sites during 1980 to 1991. Sites in Montreal showed statistically insignificant downward trends while sites in Toronto showed small but statistically significant upward trends. These ozone-increasing trends are associated with reductions in nitric oxide concentrations. At all sites there was large year-to-year variability in peak ozone levels and in the frequency of hours with ozone concentrations above the maximum acceptable objective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1019-1026
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Air and Waste Management Association
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution


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