Groundwater contamination potential from stormwater infiltration practices

Robert Pitt, Shirley Clark, Richard Field

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

224 Scopus citations


The potential effects of stormwater on groundwater quality was estimated based on the likely presence of problem constituents in the stormwater, their mobility through soils, the type of treatment received before infiltration, and the infiltration method used. The constituents of most concern include chloride, certain pesticides (lindane and chlordane), organic toxicants (1,3-dichlorobenzene, pyrene and fluoranthene), pathogens, and some heavy metals (nickel and zinc). Reported instances of groundwater contamination associated with stormwater was rare in residential areas where infiltration occurred through surface soils (except for chloride), but was more common (especially for toxicants) in commercial and industrial areas where subsurface infiltration was used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-236
Number of pages20
JournalUrban Water
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Pollution


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