Guidelines for genetic ancestry inference created through roundtable discussions

Genetic Ancestry Inference Roundtable Participants

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3 Scopus citations


The use of genetic and genomic technology to infer ancestry is commonplace in a variety of contexts, particularly in biomedical research and for direct-to-consumer genetic testing. In 2013 and 2015, two roundtables engaged a diverse group of stakeholders toward the development of guidelines for inferring genetic ancestry in academia and industry. This report shares the stakeholder groups’ work and provides an analysis of, commentary on, and views from the groundbreaking and sustained dialogue. We describe the engagement processes and the stakeholder groups’ resulting statements and proposed guidelines. The guidelines focus on five key areas: application of genetic ancestry inference, assumptions and confidence/laboratory and statistical methods, terminology and population identifiers, impact on individuals and groups, and communication or translation of genetic ancestry inferences. We delineate the terms and limitations of the guidelines and discuss their critical role in advancing the development and implementation of best practices for inferring genetic ancestry and reporting the results. These efforts should inform both governmental regulation and self-regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100178
JournalHuman Genetics and Genomics Advances
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 13 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Genetics(clinical)


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