HAA removal by GAC adsorption

Hsin Hsin Tung, Richard F. Unz, Yuefeng F. Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


The best available technologies for controlling disinfection by-products are enhanced coagulation/softening and granular activated carbon (GAC) adsorption for precursor removal. Little information is available on the GAC adsorption capacities for haloacetic acids (HAAs), and HAA removal in GAC filters has been incorrectly attributed to physical adsorption. In this research, laboratory and field studies systematically investigated the physical adsorption characteristics of HAAs onto GAC. Results indicated that HAA breakthrough can be observed within a short period of time (e.g., one to several months). In addition, HAA removal was observed after GAG saturation. The study concluded that GAG adsorption plays only a minor role in the beginning of the carbon filter run for HAA removal, and that HAA removal in aged GAG filters may be attributable to biodegradation. To better control HAAs in finished water, water providers should promote biological activity inside the filter rather than change the carbon frequently.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-112+14
JournalJournal / American Water Works Association
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology


Dive into the research topics of 'HAA removal by GAC adsorption'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this