Hadza Men With Lower Voice Pitch Have a Better Hunting Reputation

Kristopher M. Smith, Yevgeniy M. Olkhov, David A. Puts, Coren L. Apicella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Previous research with hunter-gatherers has found that women perceive men with voices manipulated to be lower in pitch to be better hunters, and men perceive women with lower pitch to be better gatherers. Here, we test if actual voice pitch is associated with hunting and gathering reputations in men and women, respectively. We find that voice pitch does relate to foraging reputation in men, but not in women, with better hunters having a lower voice pitch. In addition, we find that the previously documented relationship between voice pitch and reproductive success no longer holds when controlling for hunting reputation, but hunting reputation remains a significant predictor of reproductive success when controlling for voice pitch. This raises the possibility that voice pitch is being selected for in hunter-gatherers because of the relationship between voice pitch and hunting reputation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEvolutionary Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 19 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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