Heat transfer and material flow during laser assisted multi-layer additive manufacturing

V. Manvatkar, A. De, T. Debroy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

254 Scopus citations


A three-dimensional, transient, heat transfer, and fluid flow model is developed for the laser assisted multilayer additive manufacturing process with coaxially fed austenitic stainless steel powder. Heat transfer between the laser beam and the powder particles is considered both during their flight between the nozzle and the growth surface and after they deposit on the surface. The geometry of the build layer obtained from independent experiments is compared with that obtained from the model. The spatial variation of melt geometry, cooling rate, and peak temperatures is examined in various layers. The computed cooling rates and solidification parameters are used to estimate the cell spacings and hardness in various layers of the structure. Good agreement is achieved between the computed geometry, cell spacings, and hardness with the corresponding independent experimental results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number124905
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number12
StatePublished - Sep 28 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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