Heat transfer characteristics of a constant heat flux vertical plate in water

H. E. Imadojemu, R. R. Johnson

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Experimental examination of the heat transfer characteristics of a vertical plate in water is presented. Results are given as the variation of local Nusselt number with Rayleigh number for different heat fluxes. The experiments included temperature measurements and flow visualization by the use of the simple and precise method of electrochemical formation of dye technique. Arrangements were made so that color changes occured both at the surface of the vertical plate and within the boundary layer. The free convection heat transfer in water, as expressed by the power-law relationship between the Nusselt number and Rayleigh number, Nu = 0.89 Ra0.2, is shown to be adequate for the range of Rayleigh numbers 104 < Ra < 1013 for a constant heat flux boundary condition. There appear to be similarities in the mechanisms of transition from laminar to turbulent boundary layer flow between those for natural convection and those for the Blasius-type forced flow over a flat plate. The Emmons spot source band for natural convection flow is large when compared to the narrow band for Blasius flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-21
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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