Helping Those Who Help Themselves: Does Counseling Enhance Retention?

Allison J. Lockard, Jeffrey A. Hayes, Benjamin D. Locke, Kathleen J. Bieschke, Louis G. Castonguay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This study examined how academic distress changed over the course of counseling and predicted retention. The sample comprised students receiving services at the campus counseling center (n = 404), students from a psychology department subject pool (n = 311), and students from the general campus population (n = 75,748). The analyses performed included t test, analysis of covariance, chi-square test, and logistical regression. The results suggested that students whose academic distress did not decrease had lower retention rates than both clients whose academic distress improved and the general student body.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-139
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Counseling and Development
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology


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