Hematopoietic placental protein 14: An immunosuppressive factor in cells of the megakaryocytic lineage

Dwight M. Morrow, Na Xiong, Robert R. Getty, Mariusz Z. Ratajczak, Doris Morgan, Markku Seppala, Leena Riittinen, Alan M. Gewirtz, Mark L. Tykocinski

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69 Scopus citations


Placental protein 14 (PP14), an immunosuppressive molecule previously known to be expressed in the female and male reproductive tracts only, was shown to be expressed by hematopoietic cells of the megakaryocytic lineage. Northern blot analysis confirmed the induction specificity of PP14 mRNA in phorbol ester-treated K562 cells. Potent immunosuppressive activity in conditioned medium from phorbol ester-treated K562 cells was attributed to hematopoietic PP14 by anti-PP14 antibody blocking. Immunoprecipitation with anti-PP14 antibodies from conditioned medium revealed two distinct PP14 protein isoforms, designated PP14.1 and PP14.2. Polymerase chain reaction cloning and analysis demonstrated the presence of distinct mRNA counterparts to PP14.1 and PP14.2 that had not been resolved by Northern blot analyses. Hematopoietic PP14.1 mRNA corresponds in size to endometrial PP14 mRNA, whereas the smaller hematopoietic PP14.2 mRNA displays an internal in-frame 66-nucleotide deletion that can be explained by alternative splicing and predicts a 22-amino-acid deletion in the encoded gene product. Both PP14 mRNA isoforms were additionally detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analyses in two human megakaryocytic cell lines and in normal human megakaryocytes and platelets. PP14 mRNA was not detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction in a panel of nonhematopoietic, nonendometrial tissues examined. The finding of hematopoietic PP14 within the megakaryocytic lineage provides an additional regulatory link between the coagulation and immune systems in normal and pathological settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1485-1495
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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