Nonlinear dynamical systems often generate significant amounts of observational data such as time series, as well as high-dimensional spatial data. To delineate recurrence dynamics in the spatial data, prior efforts either extended the recurrence plot, which is a widely used tool for time series, to a four-dimensional hyperspace or utilized the network approach for recurrence analysis. However, very little has been done to differentiate heterogeneous types of recurrences in the spatial data (e.g., recurrence variations of state transitions in the spatial domain). Therefore, we propose a novel heterogeneous recurrence approach for spatial data analysis. First, spatial data are traversed with the Hilbert Space-Filling Curve to transform the variations of recurrence patterns from the spatial domain to the state-space domain. Second, we design an Iterated Function System to derive the fractal representation for the state-space trajectory of spatial data. Such a fractal representation effectively captures self-similar behaviors of recurrence variations and multi-state transitions in the spatial data. Third, we develop the Heterogeneous Recurrence Quantification Analysis of spatial data. Experimental results in both simulation and real-world case studies show that the proposed approach yields superior performance in the extraction of salient features to characterize and quantify heterogeneous recurrence dynamics in spatial data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number013119
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Applied Mathematics


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