High-coordinated alumina and oxygen triclusters in modified aluminosilicate glasses

Rebecca S. Welch, Sierra Astle, Randall E. Youngman, John C. Mauro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Aluminosilicate glasses are ubiquitous in high-performance displays due to their favorable thermal, mechanical, and optical properties. They also exhibit interesting structural features depending on the ratio of alumina to modifiers in the glass system. Excess modifiers exist in the metaluminous region, while the peraluminous region contains more negatively charged alumina structures than modifiers. As the composition switches from metaluminous to peraluminous, anomalous changes in properties such as the glass transition temperature, viscosity, and refractive index occur. This has been explained with two contrasting structural transformations to accommodate the lack of charge-balancing modifiers: either aluminum increases in coordination (forming five-coordinated or six-coordinated Al) and/or oxygens become three-coordinated (known as triclusters). The precise charge-balancing mechanism remains a subject of much debate in the community. This review highlights this structural debate by providing a chronological understanding of how these two theories evolved. We also summarize the state-of-the-art understanding of the aluminosilicate glass structure. By gaining a more comprehensive view of the two opposing structural views within the aluminosilicate glass system, we can gain insights on valuable future research from both experimental and modeling perspectives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)388-401
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Glass Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science


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