High-dielectric-constant all-organic/polymeric composite actuator materials

Cheng Huang, Ji Su, Q. M. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Among various electroactive polymer (EAP) actuator materials developed recently, the class of EAPs whose responses are stimulated by external electrical fields (often known as the field typs EAPs) is especially attractive due to their high strain level and elastic energy density. However, for most field type EAPs, dielectric constant is low, generally less than 10. Consequently, these polymers usually require high electric fields (>100 V/μm) to generate high elastic energy density which limits their applications. In this paper, we will investigate some avenues to significantly raise the dielectric constant and electromechanical response in field type polymeric materials. By exploiting an all-organic composite approach in which high-dielectric-constant organic particulates were blended with a polymer matrix, a polymeric-like material can reach a dielectric constant higher than 400, which results in a significant reduction of the applied field to generate high strain with high elastic energy density. An all-polymer high-dielectric-constant (K> 1,000 @ 1 kHz) percolative composite material was fabricated by the combination of conductive polyaniline particles K>105) within a fluoroterpolymer matrix (K>50). These high-K polymer hybrid materials also exhibit high electromechanical responses under low applied fields. In addition, a three-component all-organic composite was designed and prepared to improve the dielectric constant and the electromechanical response, as well as the stability of the composites, in which a high-dielectric-constant organic dielectric phase and an organic conductive phase were embedded into the soft dielectric elastomer matrix.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
StatePublished - 2003
EventMaterials and Devices for Smart Systems - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Dec 1 2003Dec 5 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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