High-energy neutrinos and gamma rays from the AGN-driven wind in NGC 1068

Susumu Inoue, Matteo Cerruti, Kohta Murase, Ruoyu Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Various observations are revealing the widespread occurrence of fast and powerful winds in active galactic nuclei (AGN) that are distinct from relativistic jets, likely launched from accretion disks. Such winds can harbor collisionless shocks at different locations that may induce acceleration of protons and electrons and consequent nonthermal emission. We focus on the inner regions of the winds, where interactions of accelerated protons with the AGN radiation field and/or ambient gas clouds can induce emission of high-energy neutrinos and gamma rays. In particular, we address the case of NGC 1068, a nearby Seyfert galaxy bearing a prominent wind, which is a known source of GeV gamma rays as well as a tentative source of sub-PeV neutrinos. Considering pγ, pp, as well as all relevant electromagnetic processes in such regions, we model the multi-messenger emission of NGC 1068. The relatively soft neutrino spectrum indicated by IceCube may favor a predominantly pp interpretation in which high-energy protons interact with gas that has densities typical of broad line region clouds. The accompanying cascade emission modulated by γγ absorption in the AGN radiation field can account for the observed GeV emission under certain conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1013
JournalProceedings of Science
StatePublished - Mar 18 2022
Event37th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2021 - Virtual, Berlin, Germany
Duration: Jul 12 2021Jul 23 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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