High-entropy engineering of the crystal and electronic structures in a Dirac material

Antu Laha, Suguru Yoshida, Francisco Marques dos Santos Vieira, Hemian Yi, Seng Huat Lee, Sai Venkata Gayathri Ayyagari, Yingdong Guan, Lujin Min, Jose Gonzalez Jimenez, Leixin Miao, David Graf, Saugata Sarker, Weiwei Xie, Nasim Alem, Venkatraman Gopalan, Cui Zu Chang, Ismaila Dabo, Zhiqiang Mao

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Dirac and Weyl semimetals are a central topic of contemporary condensed matter physics, and the discovery of new compounds with Dirac/Weyl electronic states is crucial to the advancement of topological materials and quantum technologies. Here we show a widely applicable strategy that uses high configuration entropy to engineer relativistic electronic states. We take the AMnSb2 (A = Ba, Sr, Ca, Eu, and Yb) Dirac material family as an example and demonstrate that mixing of Ba, Sr, Ca, Eu and Yb at the A site generates the compound (Ba0.38Sr0.14Ca0.16Eu0.16Yb0.16)MnSb2 (denoted as A5MnSb2), giving access to a polar structure with a space group that is not present in any of the parent compounds. A5MnSb2 is an entropy-stabilized phase that preserves its linear band dispersion despite considerable lattice disorder. Although both A5MnSb2 and AMnSb2 have quasi-two-dimensional crystal structures, the two-dimensional Dirac states in the pristine AMnSb2 evolve into a highly anisotropic quasi-three-dimensional Dirac state triggered by local structure distortions in the high-entropy phase, which is revealed by Shubnikov–de Haas oscillations measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3532
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Physics and Astronomy

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