High-order multipole and binary love number universal relations

Daniel A. Godzieba, David Radice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Using a data set of approximately 2 million phenomenological equations of state consistent with observational constraints, we construct new equation-of-state-insensitive universal relations that exist between the multipolar tidal deformability parameters of neutron stars, Λl, for several high-order multipoles (l = 5, 6, 7, 8), and we consider finite-size effects of these high-order multipoles in waveform modeling. We also confirm the existence of a universal relation between the radius of the 1.4M NS, R1.4 and the reduced tidal parameter of the binary, ˜Λ, and the chirp mass. We extend this relation to a large number of chirp masses and to the radii of isolated NSs of different mass M, RM. We find that there is an optimal value of M for every M such that the uncertainty in the estimate of RM is minimized when using the relation. We discuss the utility and implications of these relations for the upcoming LIGO O4 run and third-generation detectors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number368
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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