High-Resolution Oxygen-17 NMR of Solid Silicates

K. T. Mueller, Y. Wu, B. F. Chmelka, J. Stebbins, A. Pines

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108 Scopus citations


Several 17O-enriched silicates were studied by use of dynamic angle spinning (DAS) and double rotation (DOR) nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. These methods average away second-order quadrupolar interactions by reorienting a sample about a time-dependent axis, thereby yielding high-resolution spectra of oxygen-17 nuclei. A narrow spectral line is observed for each distinct oxygen site at the sum of the isotropic chemical shift and the field-dependent isotropic second-order quadrupolar shift. Resolution is increased by up to 2 orders of magnitude compared to conventional magic angle spinning (MAS) spectra. Crystallographically inequivalent oxygens are now observable as distinct resonances in spectra of polycrystalline silicates such as diopside (CaMgSi217O6), wollastonite (CaSi17O3), clinoenstatite (MgSi17O3), larnite (Ca2Si17O4), and forsterite (Mg2Si17O4).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-38
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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