High-Resolution Rayleigh Wave Group Velocity Variation Beneath Greenland

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We present a high-resolution group velocity model of Greenland from the analysis of fundamental mode Rayleigh waves. Regional and teleseismic events recorded by the Greenland Ice Sheet Monitoring Network seismic network were used and we developed a group velocity correction method to estimate the dispersion within our region of study. The global dispersion model GDM52 from Ekström (2011, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05225.x) was used to calculate group delays from the earthquake to the boundaries of our study area. An iterative reweighted generalized least squares approach was then used to invert for the regional group velocity variations between periods of 25 s and 180 s. The group delay correction method helps alleviate the limitations of the sparse Greenland seismic network in a region with poor seismicity. Both the ray coverage and resolution of our model are significantly better than similar studies of Greenland using two-station methods. Spike tests suggest that features as small as 200 km can be resolved across Greenland. Our dispersion maps are consistent with previous studies and reveal many signatures of known geologic features including known sedimentary basins in Baffin Bay, the West and East Greenland flood basalt provinces, the East and South Greenland Archean blocks. Our model also contains two prominent features: a deep high-velocity anomaly extending from northwestern to southwestern Greenland that could be the signature of a cratonic root and a low-velocity anomaly in central eastern Greenland that correlates with the Icelandic plume track and could be associated with lithospheric thinning and upwelling of hot asthenosphere material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1516-1539
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science


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