High-resolution X-ray spectroscopy of the Seyfert 2 galaxy Circinus with Chandra

Rita M. Sambruna, Hagai Netzer, Shai Kaspi, W. N. Brandt, G. Chartas, G. P. Garmire, John A. Nousek, K. A. Weaver

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Results from a 60 ks Chandra High-Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer observation of the nearby Seyfert 2 galaxy Circinus are presented. The spectrum shows a wealth of emission lines at both soft and hard X-rays, including lines of Ne, Mg, Si, S, Ar, Ca, and Fe, and a prominent Fe Kα line at 6.4 keV. We identify several of the He-like components and measure several of the Lyman lines of the H-like ions. The lines' profiles are unresolved at the limited signal-to-noise ratio of the data. Our analysis of the zero-order image in a companion Letter constrains the size of the emission region to be 20-60 pc, suggesting that emission within this volume is almost entirely due to the reprocessing of the obscured central source. Here we show that a model containing two distinct components can reproduce almost all the observed properties of this gas. The ionized component can explain the observed intensities of the ionized species, assuming twice-solar composition and anN ∝ r-1.5 density distribution. The neutral component is highly concentrated, well within the 0″.8 point source, and is responsible for almost all of the observed Kα (6.4 keV) emission. Circinus seems to be different than Mrk 3 in terms of its gas distribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L13-L17
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 PART 2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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