Objective: Many patients with chronic illnesses report a desire for increased involvement in medical decision-making. This pilot study aimed to explore how patients with exacerbation-prone disease trajectories such as advanced heart failure or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease experience advance care planning using an online decision aid and to compare whether patients with different types of exacerbation-prone illnesses had varied experiences using the tool. Methods: Pre-intervention questionnaires measured advance care planning knowledge. Postintervention questionnaires measured: (1) advance care planning knowledge; (2) satisfaction with tool; (3) decisional conflict; and (4) accuracy of the resultant advance directive. Comparisons were made between patients with heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Results: Over 90% of the patients with heart failure (n=24) or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (n=25) reported being "satisfied" or "highly satisfied" with the tool across all satisfaction domains; over 90% of participants rated the resultant advance directive as "very accurate." Participants reported low decisional conflict. Advance care planning knowledge scores rose by 18% (p<0.001) post-intervention. There were no significant differences between participants with heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Discussion: Patients with advanced heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were highly satisfied after using an online advance care planning decision aid and had increased knowledge of advance care planning. This tool can be a useful resource for time-constrained clinicians whose patients wish to engage in advance care planning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-235
Number of pages9
JournalChronic Illness
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy


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