High-temperature crystal chemistry of sodium zirconium phosphate (NZP)

R. M. Hazen, L. W. Finger, D. K. Agrawal, H. A. McKinstry, Anthony J. Perrotta

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High-temperature crystal structures of NZP (Na! + „ Zr2P3_ x Six O12) have been determined by x-ray measurements made on single crystals. Thermal expansion of NZP (x = 0.11) parallel to the hexagonal c axis is positive (about 22AX 10“6 °C_1between 25° and 700 °C), whereas expansion perpendicular to c is slightly negative (about 5.4X 10”6resulting °C-1), in an average volume thermal expansion ofll.8XlO“6oC_1. A proposed structural model to interpret this anisotropic thermal expansion of NZP is tested to prove the modePs validity. In this model the rotation of the phosphate tetrahedron is coupled to the rotation of the zirconium octahedron. The observed thermal expansions of sodium, zirconium, and phosphorus cation coordination polyhedra are 10.8, 0.00, and — 0.23 (all x 10™6 °C1), respectively. The large thermal expansion of the sodium site is offset by rotations in the Zr-P polyhedral framework, thus yielding the low net expansion of NZP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-337
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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