High-Temperature High-Energy-Density Dielectric Polymer Nanocomposites Utilizing Inorganic Core–Shell Nanostructured Nanofillers

Lulu Ren, He Li, Zongliang Xie, Ding Ai, Yao Zhou, Yang Liu, Siyu Zhang, Lijun Yang, Xuetong Zhao, Zongren Peng, Ruijin Liao, Qing Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

136 Scopus citations

Abstract

High-energy-density polymer dielectrics capable of high temperature operation are highly demanded in advanced electronics and power systems. Here, the polyetherimide (PEI) composites filled with the core–shell structured nanoparticles composed of ZrO2 core and Al2O3 shell are described. The establishment of a gradient of the dielectric constants from ZrO2 core and Al2O3 shell to PEI matrix gives rise to much less distortion of the electric field around the nanoparticles, and consequently, high breakdown strength at varied temperatures. The wide bandgap Al2O3 shell creates deep traps in the composites and thus yields an order of magnitude lower leakage of current density of the composites with respect to those with pristine ZrO2 at high temperatures. Accordingly, the composite delivers a discharged energy density of 5.19 J cm−3 and 150 °C, which outperforms the current free-standing high-temperature dielectric polymer and polymer composite films measured at 10 Hz. Moreover, the core–shell structured composites endow great thermal stability, charge–discharge efficiency, and the improved energy density with increasing temperature from 25 to 150 °C. The finite element simulations and numerical calculations are performed to reveal the mechanistic impacts of the core–shell structure on the electric field distribution and electrical conduction of the composites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2101297
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume11
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 28 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science

Cite this