Higher-order topological pumping and its observation in photonic lattices

Wladimir A. Benalcazar, Jiho Noh, Mohan Wang, Sheng Huang, Kevin P. Chen, Mikael C. Rechtsman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The discovery of the quantization of particle transport in adiabatic pumping cycles of periodic structures by Thouless [Phys. Rev. B 27, 6083 (1983)0163-182910.1103/PhysRevB.27.6083.] linked the Chern number, a topological invariant characterizing the quantum Hall effect in two-dimensional electron gases, with the topology of dynamical periodic systems in one dimension. Here we demonstrate its counterpart for higher-order topology. Specifically, we show that adiabatic cycles in two-dimensional crystals with vanishing dipole moments (and therefore zero overall particle transport) can nevertheless be topologically nontrivial. These cycles are associated with higher-order topology and can be diagnosed by their ability to produce corner-to-corner transport in certain metamaterial platforms. We experimentally verify the corner to corner transport associated with this topological pump by using an array of photonic waveguides adiabatically modulated in their separations and refractive indices. By mapping the dynamical phenomenon demonstrated here from two spatial and one temporal dimensions to three spatial dimensions, our observations are equivalent to the observation of chiral hinge states in a three-dimensional second-order topological insulator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number195129
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number19
StatePublished - May 15 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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