Highly efficient microwave power system of magnetrons utilizing frequency-searching injection-locking technique with no phase shifter

Chao Lai, Chaoxia Zhao, Kang Li, Danli Cai, Yi Zhang, Yang Yang, Huacheng Zhu, Dinesh K. Agrawal, Tania Slawecki, Li Wu, Yanping Zhou, Qian Chen, Lin Zhou, Kama Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


A microwave power-combining technique based on magnetrons has been widely researched to solve the urgent demands for high-power, low-cost microwave sources in microwave industrial applications. To achieve high resultant efficiency, conventionally, injection locking with static frequency is utilized to drag the output frequency of each magnetron source to the exact same frequency, and a phase shifter is required to adjust the output phase of each combining source. In this article, we propose a novel phase shifterless microwave power system with two magnetrons utilizing a frequency-searching injection-locking technique. Coaxial cables with different physical lengths are used to realize phase adjustment under different injection frequencies. By sweeping the injection frequency in a small band, the phase difference between combining signals can be adjusted. Thus, high resultant efficiency can be obtained. When the injection frequency is swept, the phase difference between the output and injection signals has been analyzed theoretically, the phase difference between the different-length coaxial injection cables has also been analyzed. Furthermore, the relationship between the sweeping frequency bandwidth and requirements of the minimum length difference of the coaxial injection cables has been derived and analyzed. Experimental results show that a high resultant efficiency of 94.6% can be obtained with the proposed phase shifterless system. The system could maintain high resultant efficiency even when the free-running frequency and power of one magnetron are changed by adjusting its anode current. The experiments reveal that the proposed method works for different combining sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9141437
Pages (from-to)4424-4432
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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