Histomorphological features of resected bladder tumors: Do energy source makes any difference

Ashish Kumar Saini, Arvind Ahuja, Amlesh Seth, Prem Nath Dogra, Rajeev Kumar, Prabhjot Singh, Siddhartha Dutta Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Context: The recent advent of bipolar energy in bladder tumor resection has raised many questions regarding density of current and its effect on histopathology of the resected transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) chips. Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the histomorphological features in resected bladder tumors comparing bipolar versus conventional (monopolar) energy. Settings and Design: Inclusion criteria were patients with primary presentation of carcinoma urinary bladder undergoing TURBT. The patients with prior resections were excluded as these could jeopardize the results of cautery artifacts. Materials and Methods: From February 2010 to December 2011, 61 patients with primary carcinoma bladder and meeting our inclusion criteria were compared. Group 1 (n = 31) underwent bipolar-TURBT (B-TURBT) and Group 2 (n = 30) monopolar-TURBT (M-TURBT). Two pathologists, who were blinded to the form of electrocautery used, examined the resected tissue. The degree of cautery artifact in each specimen was recorded. The severity of the cautery artifact was graded as absent, mild, moderate, or severe. The mean age, tumor size, and resection time were recorded in both groups. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using SPSS 16. Data were compared in between groups using paired t-test and Pearson's Chi-square test. The significance level was set at 0.05. Results: The mean age, tumor size, and resection time were similar in between the two groups. The pathologists had no obscurity in reaching a correct diagnosis in all cases. The cautery artifacts were graded as absent in 10 (32.2%) and 8 (26.67%), mild in 12 (38.7%) and 11 (36.67%), moderate in 5 (16.1%) and 7 (23.33%) and severe in 4 (12.9%) and 5 (16.66%) cases, respectively in Group 1 and 2. There was no statistically significant histomorphogical dissimilarity between specimens according to the type of cautery used. Conclusions: Bladder tissue obtained from B-TURBT is of equivalent histomorphological feature as that of standard M-TURBT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)466-469
Number of pages4
JournalUrology Annals
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology

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