Some Alleghanian joints in black shales of the Geneseo and Middlesex Formations of the Catskill Delta complex, Finger Lakes district, New York, slipped horizontally up to 8 cm. Horizontal slip is measured by the offset of ENE-striking joints. Alleghanian joints striking 330-350° display a right-lateral slip with an average value of 1.9 cm, while joints striking 004-010° slip in the left-lateral sense with an average value of 1.3 cm. The maximum horizontal stress (SH) driving this slip falls between 350° and 004°, the orientation of local Alleghanian layer-parallel shortening as indicated by both disjunctive and pencil cleavage. By commonality of orientation, we infer that slip on Alleghanian joints is driven contemporaneously with layer-parallel shortening. If so, the offset ENE-striking joints predate the Alleghanian stress field. These observations mean that both pre-Alleghanian and early Alleghanian joints persist through a period of penetrative strain.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth-Surface Processes