How aging and bilingualism influence language processing: Theoretical and neural models

Eleonora Rossi, Michele Diaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Healthy non-pathological aging is characterized by cognitive and neural decline, and although language is one of the more stable areas of cognition, older adults often show deficits in language production, showing word finding failures, increased slips of the tongue, and increased pauses in speech. Overall, research on language comprehension in older healthy adults show that it is more preserved than language production. Bilingualism has been shown to confer a great deal of neuroplasticity across the life span, including a number of cognitive benefits especially in executive functions such as cognitive control. Many models of bilingual language processing have been proposed to explain bilingual language processing. However, the question remains open of how such models might be modulated by age-related changes in language. Here, we discuss how current models of language processing in non-pathological aging, and models of bilingual language processing can be integrated to provide new research directions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-42
Number of pages34
JournalLinguistic Approaches to Bilingualism
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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