The most basic components of human life revolve around how we utilize landscapes. We create and move across space in order to fi nd and use resources to interact with and avoid conspecifics and to evaluate and evade risks. Landscapes are thus the context for decisions that critically impinge on individuals’ survival and reproductive success; they form the ecology of human life-the social history, individual development, and local environmental circumstances that constrain our behavior. Moreover, behavior relative to these constraints is usually temporally and spatially patterned, and it often has material consequences whose traces archaeologists use as a matter of routine to reconstruct the human past. The issue at hand is how to account for the patterns thus reconstructed. Human behavioral ecologists with an archaeological eye attempt to do so by employing hypotheses about behavioral adaptation and its material effects under specifi c ecological conditions (e.g., O’Connell 1995). You do not have access to this content currently. Please click ‘Get Access’ button to see if you or your institution have access to this content.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Social Sciences
- General Arts and Humanities