Human resource management in a healthcare environment: framework and case study

D. Ramadevi, Angappa Gunasekaran, Matthew Roy, Bharatendra K. Rai, S. A. Senthilkumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for the improvement of healthcare services through an effective human resource management system. The case study highlights a need to analyze human resource management processes that exist in healthcare sector and suggests better ways to achieve higher levels of patient satisfaction. Design/methodology/approach: The methodology consists of first developing a conceptual framework for human resource management in healthcare industry. The proposed framework comprises of three parts: inputs which include determining employee competencies, HR planning, job analysis, recruitment, selection, compensation benefits, pay/rewards, labor and employee relations; processes (training and development) focus on healthcare systems; and outputs which include quality, cost, technology, and responsiveness leading to patient satisfaction. Then, the framework has been studied with help of a case study conducted in a hospital in India. Findings: The most important skill required for healthcare workforce to deliver high-quality care to patients is the human resource development. By appropriate workforce development, healthcare organizations can provide high-quality services to patients. Finally, it derives a set of conclusions from the case study research. Further research would be needed to validate the framework through empirical data. Originality/value: This research is a new attempt as there is a limited research done earlier on the framework of human resource management in healthcare system and services. It is designed to facilitate training and development at both the individual and at organizational levels, advocating a balance between “healthcare employee” and “healthcare system.”

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-393
Number of pages7
JournalIndustrial and Commercial Training
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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