Hydraulic damping of saturated poroelastic soils during steady-state vibration

Tong Qiu, Patrick J. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


A theoretical study of the steady-state response of a saturated poroelastic soil column during compressional and rotational harmonic vibrations is presented. Hydraulic damping due to Biot flow is evaluated for top-drained and double-drained boundary conditions and for compressional and rotational motions using the theory of a damped single-degree-of-freedom system. For compressional motions, the dynamic response of gravels and sands is highly influenced by the compressibility of the pore fluid. More hydraulic damping occurs as soil hydraulic conductivity increases and as the column boundary conditions change from top drained to double drained. On the other hand, hydraulic damping for rotational motions is significantly less than that for compressional motions and is dependent on a dimensionless hydraulic conductivity parameter Ks. For Ks within the range of 10-3-100, hydraulic damping may have an important contribution to total soil damping, especially at small strain levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)859-870
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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