Hydrogen/nitrous oxide kinetics - Implications of the N(x)H(y) species

Mark T. Allen, Richard A. Yetter, Frederick L. Dryer

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51 Scopus citations


Dilute mixtures of hydrogen and nitrous oxide in nitrogen were studied in a large-diameter flow reactor at 3 atm and 995 K. The consumption of H2 and N2O as well as the formation of H2O and the intermediate species profiles of NH3 and NO were all measured experimentally. A detailed chemical mechanism is developed and compared with the experimental measurements. From knowledge of the NH3 and NO intermediate species profiles, results are presented which indicate that N2N(x) and NH(x) species and reactions are necessary to predict the overall reaction rate of pure H2/N2O/N2 mixtures at these temperatures. Numerical predictions without this chemistry can be too fast by as much as a factor of 2. Experiments were also conducted with quantities of NO and NH3 added to the initial mixtures in order to investigate the inhibitory strengths of these species and to further constrain the model validation. Based on these parametric studies, an estimate is given for the reate constant of NO + H + M = HNO + M with nitrogen as the collision partner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-311
Number of pages10
JournalCombustion and Flame
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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