Hydrothermal-Assisted Cold Sintering Process: A New Guidance for Low-Temperature Ceramic Sintering

Hanzheng Guo, Jing Guo, Amanda Baker, Clive A. Randall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

187 Scopus citations


Sintering is a thermal treatment process that is generally applied to achieve dense bulk solids from particulate materials below the melting temperature. Conventional sintering of polycrystalline ceramics is prevalently performed at quite high temperatures, normally up to 1000 to 1200 °C for most ceramic materials, typically 50% to 75% of the melting temperatures. Here we present a new sintering route to achieve dense ceramics at extraordinarily low temperatures. This method is basically modified from the cold sintering process (CSP) we developed very recently by specifically incorporating the hydrothermal precursor solutions into the particles. BaTiO3 nano polycrystalline ceramics are exemplified for demonstration due to their technological importance and normally high processing temperature under conventional sintering routes. The presented technique could also be extended to a much broader range of material systems than previously demonstrated via a hydrothermal synthesis using water or volatile solutions. Such a methodology is of significant importance, because it provides a chemical roadmap for cost-effective inorganic processing that can enable broad practical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20909-20915
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number32
StatePublished - Aug 17 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science


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