Hydroxyl tagging velocimetry (HTV) in experimental air flows

L. A. Ribarov, J. A. Wehrmeyer, R. W. Pitz, Richard A. Yetter

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The new nonintrusive instantaneous molecular flow tagging method, hydroxyl tagging velocimetry (HTV), previously demonstrated only for high-temperature reacting flows, is now demonstrated in low-temperature (300 K) ambient air flowfields. Single-photon photodissociation of ground-state H2O by a ∼ 193-nm ArF excimer laser 'writes' very long grid lines (> 50 mm) of superequilibrium OH and H photoproducts in a room air flowfield due to the presence of ambient H2O vapor. After displacement, the positions of the OH tag lines are revealed through fluorescence caused by A2 Σ+ (v′ = 0) ← X2 Πi (v″ = 0) OH excitation using a pulsed frequency-doubled dye laser with an operating output wavelength of ∼ 308 nm. The dye 'read' laser accesses the strong Q1(1) line, compensating for the relatively weak 193-nm absorption of room-temperature H2O. The weak absorption of ground vibrational state H2O has previously precluded the use of HTV at low temperatures, since previous HTV systems relied on a KrF excimer 'read' laser that could only access a weak (3 ← 0) OH transition. The instantaneous velocity field is determined by time-of-flight analysis. HTV tag lifetime comparisons between experimental results and theoretical predictions are discussed. Multiple-line tag grids are shown displaced due to an experimental air flowfield, thus providing 2-D multipoint velocity information. Due to the instantaneous nature of the HTV tag formation, HTV is particularly suitable for, but not limited to, a variety of fast flowfield applications including nonreacting base flows for high-speed projectiles and low-temperature hypersonic external or internal flows.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-183
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Physics B: Lasers and Optics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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