The use of spectral reflectance techniques for predicting nitrogen in corn at V6 growth stage has been limited by the soil background and changes in cloud cover and solar angles. Measurement and prediction techniques, which are independent of these factors, are needed for fast and accurate prediction of nitrogen deficiency at V6 growth stage for site-specific sidedressing of nitrogen. Spectral reflectance response patterns (SRRPs) from individual corn plants were collected under variable cloud cover and solar angles using a fiber optic spectrometer. Chlorophyll levels, which are strong indicators of nitrogen status in plants, were also measured on each corn plant using a SPAD chlorophyll meter. The back-propagation neural network model was trained using spectral channels of the SRRPs as inputs and chlorophyll readings as an output. The model showed strong correlation between predicted and actual chlorophyll meter readings (r2 = 0.91, root mean square prediction error = 1.30 SPAD units with validation set) from the same corn variety and soil type as the training set.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers|
|State||Published - May 1 2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)