Identification of Long-Term Behavior of Natural Circulation Loops: A Thresholdless Approach from an Initial Response

Chandrachur Bhattacharya, Ritabrata Saha, Achintya Mukhopadhyay, Asok Ray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Natural circulation loop (NCL) systems are buoyancy-driven heat exchangers that are used in various industrial applications. The concept of passive heat exchange in NCL systems is attractive, because there is no need for an externally driven equipment (e.g., a pump) to maintain the fluid circulation. However, relying on buoyancy as the sole driving force may lead to several potential difficulties, one of which is generation of (possibly) time-varying nonlinearities in the dynamical system, where a difference in the time scales of heat transfer and fluid flow causes the flow to change from a steady-state regime to either an oscillatory regime or a flow-reversal regime, both of which are undesirable. In this paper, an algorithm is developed using tools of symbolic time-series analysis (e.g., probabilistic finite state automata (PFSA)) for the purpose of identifying selected regimes of operation in NCL systems using only data from the early transient operation, where the underlying principle is built upon the concept of pattern classification from measurements of fluid-flow dynamics. The proposed method is shown to be capable of identifying the current regime of operation from the initial time response under a given set of operational parameters. The efficacy of regime classification is demonstrated by testing on two datasets, generated from numerical simulation of a MATLAB SimuLink model that has previously been validated with experimental data. The results of the proposed PFSA-based classification are compared with those of a hidden Markov model (HMM) that serves as the baseline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number14
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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