Identification of Small Regions of Overlap from Copy Number Variable Regions in Patients with Hypospadias

Carter H. Scott, Ina E. Amarillo

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3 Scopus citations


Hypospadias is a common form of congenital atypical sex development that is often associated with other congenital comorbidities. Many genes have been associated with the condition, most commonly single sequence variations. Further investigations of recurrent and overlapping copy number variations (CNVs) have resulted in the identification of genes and chromosome regions associated with various conditions, including differences of sex development (DSD). In this retrospective study, we investigated the DECIPHER database, as well as an internal institutional database, to identify small recurrent CNVs among individuals with isolated and syndromic hypospadias. We further investigated these overlapping recurrent CNVs to identify 75 smallest regions of overlap (SROs) on 18 chromosomes. Some of the genes within these SROs may be considered potential candidate genes for the etiology of hypospadias and, occasionally, additional comorbid phenotypes. This study also investigates for the first time additional common phenotypes among individuals with hypospadias and overlapping CNVs. This study provides data that may aid genetic counseling and management of individuals with hypospadias, as well as improve understanding of its underlying genetic etiology and human genital development overall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4246
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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