Identifying and Predicting Profiles of Medical Noncompliance: Pediatric Caregivers’ Antibiotic Stewardship

Rachel A. Smith, Youllee Kim, Nkuchia M. M’Ikanatha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Sometimes compliance with medical recommendations is problematic. We investigated pediatric caregivers’ (N = 606) patterns of noncompliance with antibiotic stewardship based on the obstacle hypothesis. We tested predictors of noncompliance framed by the obstacle hypothesis, dissonance theory, and psychological reactance. The results revealed four profiles of caregivers’ stewardship: one marked by compliance (Stewards) and three marked by types of noncompliance (Stockers, Persuaders, and Dissenters). The covariate analysis showed that, although psychological reactance predicted being noncompliant, it was types of obstacles and discrepant experiences that predicted caregivers’ patterns of noncompliance with antibiotic stewardship. Campaign planning often focuses on identifying the belief most associated with the targeted outcome, such as compliance. Noncompliance research, however, points out that persuaders may be successful to the extent to which they anticipate obstacles to compliance and address them in their influence attempts. A shift from medical noncompliance to patient engagement also affords an opportunity to consider how some recommendations create obstacles for others and to find positive ways to embrace conflicting needs, tensions, and reasons for refusal in order to promote collective goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-494
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Health Communication
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 4 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Communication
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Library and Information Sciences


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