The connection between bulk glass properties and network topology is now well established. However, there has been little attention paid to the impact of network topology on the surface properties of glass. In this work, we report the impact of the network topology on both the transport properties (such as cationic inward diffusion) and the mechanical properties (such as hardness) of borate glasses with modified surfaces. We choose soda lime borate systems as the object of this study because of their interesting topological features, e.g., boron anomaly. An inward diffusion mechanism is employed to modify the glass surface compositions and hence the surface topology. We show that accurate quantitative predictions of the hardness of the modified surfaces can be made using topological constraint theory with temperature-dependent constraints. Experimental results reveal that Ca2+ diffusion is most intense in glasses with lowest BO4 fraction, whereas Na+ diffusion is only significant when nonbridging oxygens start to form. These phenomena are interpreted in terms of the atomic packing and the local electrostatic environments of the cations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry