Impact of perioperative hyperglycemia in patients undergoing microvascular reconstruction

Craig A. Bollig, Claire S. Spradling, Laura M. Dooley, Tabitha L. Galloway, Jeffrey B. Jorgensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: The effects of perioperative hyperglycemia on complications and outcomes in microvascular reconstruction have not been reported in the literature. Methods: A retrospective cohort of 203 patients undergoing microvascular reconstruction was generated. Perioperative glucose levels and clinical factors were tested for associations with complications using simple and multivariate analyses. Results: Hyperglycemia (blood glucose ≥ 180 mg/dL) occurred in 91 patients (44.8%) perioperatively, and was associated with increased rates of surgical complications, medical complications, surgical site infections, fistulas, and wound dehiscence. On univariate analysis, a more strict definition of hyperglycemia (blood glucose ≥ 165 mg/dL) was significantly associated with greater rates of venous thrombosis, although this lost statistical significance on multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Perioperative hyperglycemia occurs commonly in patients undergoing microvascular reconstruction and is associated with higher rates of complications, independent of a preexisting diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Further research is needed to define the ideal glycemic target in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1196-1206
Number of pages11
JournalHead and Neck
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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