Impact of selenium nanoparticles in the regulation of inflammation

Asif Raza, Hannah Johnson, Amandeep Singh, Arun K. Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability to develop novel medications based on nanoscale complexes has greatly enhanced the capabilities of current pharmaceuticals and has made multidimensional research of these complexes extremely relevant in recent years. Selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) constitute one such example which in general, could be created by biological, chemical, and physical techniques. Biogenic SeNPs show improved compatibility with human organs and tissues. While sufficient levels of selenium (Se) are crucial for triggering immunity, they also play a role in controlling exaggerated immunological responses and persistent inflammation. More significantly, SeNPs can activate the immune systems, both innate and adaptive, in the tumor microenvironment, which results in an immunological response that fights various diseases caused by chronic inflammation. In this article, we discuss the functions of Se and SeNPs in controlling inflammation with particular emphasis given to their role in combating inflammation in different diseases. Finally, even though Se status exhibits considerable promise as a reliable indicator of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, novel functionalized SeNPs may likely offer a more effective and reliable tool in both disease prevention and treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number109466
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume732
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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