Impact of vesicovaginal fistula repair on urinary and sexual function: patient-reported outcomes over long-term follow-up

Sridhar Panaiyadiyan, Bharti Uppal Nayyar, Rishi Nayyar, Neeraj Kumar, Amlesh Seth, Rajeev Kumar, Prabhjot Singh, Brusabhanu Nayak, Manoj Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Introduction and hypothesis: While the anatomical closure rates of vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) following transabdominal (TA) and transvaginal (TV) repairs seem comparable, studies comparing urinary and sexual outcomes following successful repair are lacking. We aimed to report patient-reported outcomes on sexual and urinary functions after long-term follow-up with successful repair. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 81 women who had successful VVF repair at our institute. Pre-, intra- and post-operative details were retrieved from electronic data software. Patient-reported sexual and urinary function outcomes were assessed using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire and International Consultation of Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF), respectively, at last follow-up. We also compared such outcomes among TA and TV repairs. Results: Of 81 women, 28 (34.6%) had TA and 53 (65.4%) had TV repairs. Mean age was 37.5 years and mean fistula diameter was 12.9 mm. The most common aetiology was hysterectomy. Thirty-three patients (40.7%) had previous failed repairs. At a mean follow-up of 29.8 months, 24 (34.3%) women had sexual dysfunction and 15 (18.5%) women experienced urinary dysfunction. The TA and TV groups had comparable mean FSFI scores (28.7 ± 6.1 vs. 30.9 ± 5.2, p = 0.13) and ICIQ-SF scores (0.7 ± 1.7 vs. 0.5 ± 1.4, p = 0.59). In multivariate analysis, fistula size and site were significant predictors of urinary dysfunction whereas multiparity was the most significant predictor of sexual dysfunction. Conclusions: Sexual and urinary dysfunction is found in a considerable number of women after VVF repair. However, our data suggest comparable long-term sexual and continence outcomes between TA and TV repairs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2521-2528
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology

Cite this