Impacts of GE crop technologies on farmers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

generation GE crops focused on two major traits in a few major crops, whereas, second- and third-generation GE crops rely on more sophisticated and precise transformational technologies in a wider variety of crop traits that may have broader social benefits, and involve more public-private partnerships in research and development. This chapter highlights findings from GE impact assessments, and also highlights the limitations of existing impact assessments, calling attention to how the benefits of GE crops has been conceptualized too narrowly. Impact assessments need to take social context of farmers, rural communities, and the broader agriculture and food sector more seriously. Future GE crop impact assessments would benefit from a shift to a responsible-innovation framework which focuses on anticipation of outcomes, reflexivity, inclusion of expert and lay perspectives, and institutional and policy-maker responsiveness to feedback over time. Impact assessments that incorporate responsible innovation could lead to effective regulations and informed course corrections to ensure that risks and benefits from new technologies might be more equitable and sustainable than they currently are.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook on the Human Impact of Agriculture
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
Pages86-101
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781839101748
ISBN (Print)9781839101731
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • General Business, Management and Accounting

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