Implementation barriers and facilitators of a mindfulness-based social emotional learning program and the role of relational trust: A qualitative study

Polina P. Mischenko, Pamela Nicholas-Hoff, Deborah L. Schussler, Jessica Iwu, Patricia A. Jennings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Based on an overarching analysis of the ecological levels or contexts that implementers experienced as barriers and facilitators in the delivery of a mindfulness-based social-emotional learning program, this study reveals the importance of relational trust between the implementer and actors within the various ecological levels. This study applies Bryk and Schneider's framework of relational trust to bring nuance and understanding to relationships that influence the implementer's ability to effectively deliver the program. This study explores the implementers' relationships with: the curriculum professional learning team, the district/school administration, schoolteachers/colleagues, students' families, students, and themselves. A qualitative case study approach was employed and included interviews and classroom observations of 10 teachers delivering the program in the elementary school context. Inferences about the strength of relational trust are made between implementers with high and low fidelity based on qualitative and numerical analysis of coded interview segments. Recommendations are made for a whole school community approach that emphasizes the development of relational trust before program implementation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1643-1671
Number of pages29
JournalPsychology in the Schools
Volume59
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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