Implementing a smoking cessation intervention for people experiencing homelessness: Participants’ preferences, feedback, and satisfaction with the ‘power to quit’ program

Oluwakemi Ololade Odukoya, Ekland A. Abdiwahab, Tope Olubodun, Sunday Azagba, Folasade Tolulope Ogunsola, Kolawole S. Okuyemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background Smoking rates among populations experiencing homelessness are three times higher than in the general population. Developing smoking cessation interventions for people experiencing homelessness is often challenging. Understanding participant perceptions of such interventions may provide valuable insights for intervention development and implementation. We assessed participants’ satisfaction and preferences for the Power to Quit (PTQ) program. Methods PTQ was a 26-week community-based smoking-cessation RCT among people experiencing homelessness. A total of 315 of the 430 enrolled participants completed the 26 week-study feedback survey. Overall program satisfaction was measured on a 5-point Likert scale by asking the question “Overall, how satisfied were you with the Power to Quit Program?” Analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with overall program satisfaction. Results Participants were mostly male (74.9%), African American (59.0%), 40 years and older (78.2%), and not married or living with a partner (94.9%). Visa gift cards were the most preferred incentive followed by bus tokens and Subway restaurant coupons. The patch and counseling were the top-ranked intervention component, 55.3% rated the patch as very helpful; 59.4% felt counseling sessions was very helpful; 48.6% found reminder phone calls or messages most helpful for appointment reminders. Majority (78.7%) said they were very satisfied overall, 80.0% were very satisfied with the program schedule, and 85.4% were very satisfied with program staff. Race and age at smoking initiation were predictors of overall program satisfaction. African American/Black participants were 1.9 times more likely to be satisfied with the program compared to White participants. Conclusion Majority of the participants of PTQ were satisfied with the program. This study supports the acceptability of a smoking cessation program implemented in a population experiencing homelessness. The high rate of satisfaction among African American participants may be in part because of race concordance between participants, study staff, and community advisory board. Including staff that have a shared lived experience with participants in a smoking cessation study may improve the participant satisfaction within such studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0268653
JournalPloS one
Issue number6 June
StatePublished - Jun 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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