Improving Asthma Symptoms Among Inner-City Women During Pregnancy: A Prospective Cohort Intervention

Erika J. Yoo, Jessica F. Most, Nora L. Lee, Tara McWilliams, Lauren A. Plante, Edward S. Schulman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: It is unknown how active asthma management influences symptom control among inner-city pregnant women who have unique exposures and socioeconomic limitations affecting their care. Objective: To assess the impact of an integrated subspecialty intervention composed of education and monitoring on asthma control among underserved women in an antenatal clinic setting. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study of pregnant asthmatic patients participating in a subspecialty clinic integrated into routine prenatal care. We compared baseline characteristics and objective measurements of asthma control between women at an initial visit and those who were evaluated in at least one follow-up. For follow-up, we measured symptom control at successive visits and the incidence of asthma-related complications. Results: Among 85 women enrolled, 53 (62.4%) returned for at least one follow-up visit. Mean baseline Asthma Control Test scores were similarly low (≤19) between groups (one or more follow-up and no follow-up), as were self-administered Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire scores (<4.7). A total of 72 women had inadequate asthma control resulting in step-up therapy after the initial visit (84.7%). There was a significant increase in ACT scores between the initial and first follow-up visits. For those with an intervening self-administered Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire, there was also a significant increase by 1.39 ± 0.67 (P =.0003). Conclusions: We found that uncontrolled asthma is common among urban women seeking routine obstetric care. Our results suggest that even one interventional visit can result in significant improvement in asthma control. Further investigation into mechanisms for optimizing treatment strategies may improve the quality of asthma care during pregnancy in this underserved population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3672-3678
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy

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