Improving exchange-spring nanocomposite permanent magnets

J. S. Jiang, J. E. Pearson, Z. Y. Liu, B. Kabius, S. Trasobares, D. J. Miller, S. D. Bader, D. R. Lee, D. Haskel, G. Srajer, J. P. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

125 Scopus citations


We demonstrate a counterintuitive approach for improving exchange-spring magnets. Contrary to the general belief that the exchange-spring interface must be ideal and atomically coherent, we thermally process, by annealing or high-temperature deposition, epitaxial Sm-Co/Fe thin-film bilayers to induce interfacial mixing. Synchrotron x-ray scattering and electron microscopy elemental mapping confirm the formation of a graded interface. The thermal processing enhances the nucleation field and the energy product. The hysteresis loop becomes more single-phase-like yet the magnetization remains fully reversible. Model simulations produce demagnetization behaviors similar to experimental observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3
Pages (from-to)5293-5295
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 29 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Improving exchange-spring nanocomposite permanent magnets'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this