Improving model parameters in vibrating systems using neumann series

Alyssa T. Liem, J. Gregory McDaniel, Andrew S. Wixom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


A method is presented to improve the estimates of material properties, dimensions, and other model parameters for linear vibrating systems. The method improves the estimates of a single model parameter of interest by finding parameter values that bring model predictions into agreement with experimental measurements. A truncated Neumann series is used to approximate the inverse of the dynamic stiffness matrix. This approximation avoids the need to directly solve the equations of motion for each parameter variation. The Neumman series is shown to be equivalent to a Taylor series expansion about nominal parameter values. A recursive scheme is presented for computing the associated derivatives, which are interpreted as sensitivities of displacements to parameter variations. The convergence of the Neumman series is studied in the context of vibrating systems, and it is found that the spectral radius is strongly dependent on system resonances. A homogeneous viscoelastic bar in longitudinal vibration is chosen as a test specimen, and the complex-valued Young's modulus is chosen as an uncertain parameter. The method is demonstrated on simulated experimental measurements computed from the model. These demonstrations show that parameter values estimated by the method agree with those used to simulate the experiment when enough terms are included in the Neumann series. Similar results are obtained for the case of an elastic plate with clamped boundary conditions. The method is also demonstrated on experimental data, where it produces improved parameter estimates that bring the model predictions into agreement with the measured response to within 1% at a point on the bar across a frequency range that includes three resonance frequencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number011017
JournalJournal of Vibration and Acoustics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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