Improving the rate of convergence of 'high order finite elements' on polygons and domains with cusps

Constantin Bǎcuţǎ, Victor Nistor, Ludmil T. Zikatanov

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68 Scopus citations


Let u and u V V be the solution and, respectively, the discrete solution of the non-homogeneous Dirichlet problem Δu=f on ℙ, u| ∂ ℙ=0. For any m ℕ and any bounded polygonal domain ℙ, we provide a construction of a new sequence of finite dimensional subspaces V n such that [InlineMediaObject not available: see fulltext.] where f H m -1(ℙ) is arbitrary and C is a constant that depends only on ℙ and not on n (we do not assume u H m +1(ℙ)). The existence of such a sequence of subspaces was first proved in a ground-breaking paper by Babuška [8]. Our method is different; it is based on the homogeneity properties of Sobolev spaces with weights and the well-posedness of non-homogeneous Dirichlet problem in suitable Sobolev spaces with weights, for which we provide a new proof, and which is a substitute of the usual "shift theorems" for boundary value problems in domains with smooth boundary. Our results extended right away to domains whose boundaries have conical points. We also indicate some of the changes necessary to deal with domains with cusps. Our numerical computation are in agreement with our theoretical results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-184
Number of pages20
JournalNumerische Mathematik
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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