In-situ load testing of corrugated steel pipe-arch culverts

Halil Sezen, Kyong Y. Yeau, Patrick J. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


A large number of corrugated metal pipe-arch culverts are located under highways. This study investigates the field performance of four existing pipe-arch culverts under static and dynamic loads. Effects of various parameters were considered in selection of the culverts, including backfill height, loading conditions, age of placement, and culvert geometry. Static loads were applied at ten different locations above each culvert using heavily loaded test trucks. Six dynamic tests were conducted at speeds varying from 8 to 64 kmh. A portable instrumentation frame was installed inside each test culvert to monitor the deflections at five critical locations. During each test, strains were also measured using 14 strain gauges. Test results indicated that culvert response was influenced significantly by the backfill height. Nearly symmetrical deflection patterns were recorded for symmetrical loading about the longitudinal vertical plane through the crown. The maximum static deflections were larger than the maximum dynamic deflections for each culvert.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-252
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Performance of Constructed Facilities
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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