Incomplete by design and designing for incompleteness

Raghu Garud, Sanjay Jain, Philipp Tuertscher

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Scopus citations


The traditional scientific approach to design extols the virtues of completeness. However, in environments characterized by continual change, there are challenges in adopting such an approach. We examine Linux and Wikipedia as two exemplary cases to explore the nature of design in such a protean world. Our observations highlight a pragmatic approach to design in which incompleteness is harnessed in a generative manner. This suggests a change in the meaning of the word "design" itself - from one that separates the process of design from its outcome, to one that considers design as both the medium and outcome of action.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDesign Requirements Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationA Ten-Year Perspective - Design Requirements Workshop, Revised and Invited Papers
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)3540929657, 9783540929659
StatePublished - 2009
EventWorkshop on Design Requirements Engineering: A Ten-Year Perspective - Cleveland, OH, United States
Duration: Jun 3 2007Jun 6 2007

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Business Information Processing
Volume14 LNBIP
ISSN (Print)1865-1348


OtherWorkshop on Design Requirements Engineering: A Ten-Year Perspective
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityCleveland, OH

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Management Information Systems
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Business and International Management
  • Information Systems
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Information Systems and Management


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